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Wednesday, January 25, 2023

Sweden Turbocharges Its AI Engine, Berzelius


Sweden is outfitting its AI supercomputer for a journey to the reducing fringe of machine studying, robotics and healthcare.

It couldn’t ask for a greater information than Anders Ynnerman (above). His signature blue go well with, black spectacles and delicate voice act as calm camouflage for a pioneering spirit.

Early on, he confirmed a deep curiosity in area, however his profession took a distinct course. He established the nation’s first community of supercomputing facilities and went on to pioneer scientific visualization applied sciences utilized in hospitals and museums around the globe.

As we speak, he leads Sweden’s largest analysis effort, WASP — the Wallenberg Synthetic Intelligence, Autonomous Techniques and Software program Program — centered on AI innovation.

The Huge Image

“This can be a yr when individuals are turning their focus to sustainability challenges we face as a planet,” stated the Linköping College professor. “With out advances in AI and different improvements, we gained’t have a sustainable future.”

To supercharge environmental efforts and extra, Sweden will improve its Berzelius supercomputer. Primarily based on the NVIDIA DGX SuperPOD, it would ship almost half an exaflop of AI efficiency, putting it among the many world’s 100 quickest AI supercomputers.

“A machine like Berzelius is key not just for the outcomes it delivers, however the way in which it catalyzes experience in Sweden,” he stated. “We’re a knowledge-driven nation, so our researchers and firms want entry to the newest expertise to compete.”

AI Learns Swedish

In June, the system educated GPT-SW3, a household of enormous language fashions able to drafting a speech or answering questions in Swedish.

As we speak, a extra highly effective model sports activities 20 billion parameters, a preferred measure of a neural community’s smarts. It could possibly assist builders write software program and deal with different complicated duties.

Long run, researchers purpose to coach a model with a whopping 175 billion parameters that’s additionally fluent in Nordic languages like Danish and Norwegian.

One in all Sweden’s largest banks is already exploring use of the newest GPT-SW3 variant for a chatbot and different functions.

A Reminiscence Increase

To construct large AIs, Berzelius will add 34 NVIDIA DGX A100 methods to its cluster of 60 that make-up the SuperPOD. The brand new models will sport GPUs with 80GB of reminiscence every.

Anders Ynnerman with Sweden's Berzelius AI supercomputer
Ynnerman with Berzelius on the system’s March 2021 launch.

“Having actually fats nodes with giant reminiscence is vital for a few of these fashions,” Ynnerman stated. Atos, the system integrator, is offering “a really clean journey getting the entire course of arrange,” he added.

Looking for a Remedy for Most cancers

In healthcare, a data-driven life sciences program, funded by the Wallenberg Basis, can be a serious Berzelius person. This system spans 10 universities and can, amongst different functions, make use of AI to grasp protein folding, basically vital to understanding illnesses like most cancers.

Others will use Berzelius to enhance detection of most cancers cells and navigate the huge mounds of knowledge in human genomes.

Some researchers are exploring instruments equivalent to NVIDIA Omniverse Avatar Cloud Engine and NVIDIA BotMaker to create animated sufferers. Powered by GPT-SW3, they may assist medical doctors observe telemedicine expertise.

Robots in Zero Gravity

Sweden’s work in picture and video recognition will get a lift from Berzelius. Such algorithms advance work on the autonomous methods utilized in fashionable factories and warehouses.

One venture is exploring how autonomous methods act in area and undersea. It’s a subject near the center of a latest addition to WASP, researcher Christer Fuglesang, who was named Sweden’s first astronaut in 1992.

Fuglesang went to the Worldwide House Station in 2006 and 2008. Later, as a professor of physics at Sweden’s Royal Institute of Expertise, he collaborated with Ynnerman on stay reveals about life in area, introduced within the WISDOME dome theater on the Visualization Middle C Ynnerman based and directs.

Because of his experience in visualization, “I can go to Mars each time I would like,” Ynnerman quipped.

He took NVIDIA founder and CEO Jensen Huang and Marcus Wallenberg — scion of Sweden’s main industrial household — on a tour of outer area on the dome to mark the Berzelius improve. The dome can present the Martian floor in 8K decision at 120 frames per second, due to its use of 12 NVIDIA Quadro RTX 8000 GPUs.

Inspiring the Subsequent Technology

Ynnerman’s algorithms have touched tens of millions who’ve seen visualizations of Egyptian mummies on the British Museum.

“That makes me much more proud than a few of my analysis papers as a result of many are younger folks we are able to encourage with a love for science and expertise,” he stated.

A ardour for science and expertise has attracted greater than 400 lively Ph.D. candidates to date to WASP, which is on the way in which to exceeding its aim of 600 grads by 2031.

However even a visualization specialist can’t be all over the place. So Ynnerman’s pet venture will use AI to create a vibrant, digital museum information.

“I believe we are able to present extra folks a ‘wow’ expertise — I need a copilot after I’m navigating the universe,” he stated.

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